Skin is our natural “protective armour” against harmful external factors. It is responsible for regulating body temperature, body water balance, stimulus reception, breathing and perspiration. However, if this body layer is to work properly, first of all it needs to be healthy which depends on good care (thorough cleansing, proper moisturizing, greasing and massage). Thus everyone needs basic knowledge of the methods of skin care and the symptoms of possible problems connected with it.
The most common skin problems
The most frequent skin problems include atopic dermatitis, juvenile acne, psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis. Ca. 20% of the population suffer from atopic dermatitis. It is a genetically-conditioned disease, yet there is a theory that it is conditioned by excess hygiene. So far, there is no drug which would cure it effectively. Yet, there are products minimalizing its persistent symptoms, such as itching, an inflammatory condition and skin reddening. That is why atopic dermatitis treatment is cured with ointments and immunosuppressive medications and, as a last resort, steroids.
Juvenile acne results from incorrect function of sebaceous glands. It is mainly a problem of adolescents. This disease is often accompanied by excess sebum secretion, incorrect growth of cells in sebaceous glands, bacteria presence and an inflammatory condition. Treatment is supported by exercises in the fresh air, supplementing a diet with vitamins B1, B2, B6 and A, as well as taking detoxifying substances based on natural products.
Psoriasis is a problem of 2-4% of the population. It manifests itself in white and pink spots (most frequently in the area of hands, knees, elbows and sometimes face). The disease is difficult to treat and tends to resolve temporarily (remission). During the treatment, it is important to neutralize the causes, avoiding tobacco, alcohol and supplementing the diet with a vitamin A and lecithin. While everyday care should be maximally gentle to prevent micro-injuries which can deteriorate the condition of ill skin.
Seborrheic dermatitis is diagnosed in 1-3% of population. The disease appears both in adults and in babies, yet more often in men. Erythemic spots with peeling yellowish cuticle (most frequently in the area of sebaceous glands) are a characteristic symptom of seborrheic dermatitis. It can be accompanied by itching, skin burning as well as falling out hair as a result of excess sebum production. The illness can be caused by stress, depression and neglect. Whereas its treatment consists in caring about hygiene and using peeling and antifungal creams.
To make sure that your skin is in a good condition, use preparations with ectoine, which protects your body layer against UV radiation, high temperature or dryness. These include creams (e.g. EktoSkin) with anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effect, which are used i.e. in atopic, contact and radiation skin inflammation.
Another effective preparation is Panthenol, which is pro-vitamin B5 (of pantothenic acid). It has an anti-inflammatory, healing and irritation soothing effect, speeds up epidermis regeneration and moisturizes. That is why panthenol can be used in case of many skin problems. It is also a basic ingredient of after sun balms and emulsions, which soothe redness, irritation and skin itching. At the same time the substance is quickly absorbed and rarely causes allergies.